Open Letter on Mass Incarceration, U.S. Prison Imperialism, and Coronavirus

En español

 

We, the undersigned, denounce the fact that in the emergency provoked by the COVID 19/Coronavirus, the overcrowding of large number of prisoners in different jails around the world constitutes a grave danger for the propagation of the virus that is threatening humanity: the walls of the prison serve for nothing in the containment of Coronavirus. In the current context, the prisons constitute a breeding ground for the coronavirus that affects the inmates, the workers, and their families and the communities where these institutions are located.

As internationalists, we make three demands to the nations of the world, and one in particular to the United States:

  1. Freedom for each inmate of an advanced age and for all those persons incarcerated for nonviolent crimes.
  2. That they guarantee that the prison population and whoever works there have the tools and the conditions necessary to prevent exposure to the coronavirus.
  3. That they maintain the medical personnel with the tools and access to clinics to permit them to confront this pandemic.
  4. That the United States abandon the model of mass incarceration and its expansion to other countries. We also demand that the countries involved in Prison Imperialism abandon this model.

Prison Imperialism refers to the efforts of the U.S. government to export its model of mass incarceration around the world, a process that began 20 years ago on March 31, 2000. Through this process, the U.S. government finances, manages, and designs prisons with the goal of restructuring the penal systems of different countries, especially in the global South. Today, the U.S. is directly involved in penitentiary systems in at least 40 countries. Prison Imperialism creates a world dependency on the U.S. and its politics of repression, and guarantees that the world will be turned into one great prison that seeks to divide the people from the rich and powerful in order to maintain their privileges and decadent luxury.

Today, the U.S. model of mass incarceration represents a threat for the life and liberty of every one of us. The U.S. has five percent of the world’s population, but 25% of the global prison population, with the highest rate of incarceration in the world. Presently, more than 2.3 million persons in the U.S. live locked down in a system characterized by violence, overcrowding, and precarious health conditions. Given the news that the U.S. heads the list of coronavirus cases globally, and given its principle responsibility for Prison Imperialism, the U.S. government has the obligation to fulfill our demands and stop the exportation of its penitentiary model.

With the 20th anniversary of Prison Imperialism, the crisis occasioned by the coronavirus and global capitalism takes on greater meaning. On March 31, 2000, the governments of the United States and Colombia signed the Program for the Improvement of the Colombian Penitentiary system. A short time later, La Tramacúa penitentiary became the first international prison to be built with US financing and designs. This accord with Colombia marked the path leading to the construction of the notorious prison in Guantanamo, Cuba, and the infamous prisons of Abu Ghraib and Bagram, in Iraq and Afghanistan, respectively. The influence of the U.S. penitentiary system on the Colombian system has resulted in the increase to more than 54% of the rate of overcrowding—the highest in its history, and an increase in reports of violations of human rights and the use of torture. The provision of food is insufficient, and many times contaminated. and the lack of access to water is widespread and even used as a form of punishment for inmates. Different Colombian courts, including the Constitutional Court, have ordered the closure of La Tramacúa because of its inhumane conditions, and have also declared that the overcrowding and the system of health care in Colombian prisons are in violation of the constitution. This is the power of the U.S. influence in the Colombian prison system.

Today, as an accomplice in Prison Imperialism, Colombia is charged with the training of penitentiary personnel principally in Mexico and Central America. Two decades after the beginning of Prison Imperialism and investments in the Colombian system, the U.S. has additionally spent at least $22 million on international prison management programs. Most of those funds have been destined for Central America and especially Honduras.

In Honduras, the change in the prison system is directly connected with the politics of security that have surged as a result of the coup financed and supported by the U.S. in 2009. After the coup, the maximum security prisons of El Pozo, La Tamara, and La Tolva were constructed without this diminishing the violence and corruption of the country. Instead, since the coup, the country finds itself in a humanitarian crisis in which the new penitentiaries are used to lock up the opposition to the regime of Juan Orlando Hernández. Just at the end of 2019, two massacres in two Honduran maximum-security prisons left 37 persons dead in two days.

In El Salvador, second only to the United States worldwide in the percentage of the population currently incarcerated, the U.S. has invested significant financial and political resources in maintaining and expanding a prison system characterized by systematic human rights violations.  President Bukele is flagrantly ignoring a Supreme Court ruling prohibiting arrests and detention by military and police for violations of a national quarantine.

In Mexico, an accord signed by the U.S. in 2018 called the Correctional Reform will seek to supervise, revise, and administer the penal system. The American Correctional Association has suggested recommendations approved for the same guidelines for Mexico, Afghanistan, and some countries in Africa. The result of this accord has been an increase in the number of cases of human rights violations, torture, and murders in the Mexican penal system, emulating the experiences observed in Colombia and Honduras.

The Israeli government is a participant in Prison Imperialism. It has shared information and technology with Colombian authorities. The U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority, established in 2005, helps fund and advise prisons in Palestine. During the coronavirus pandemic, arrests and incarceration of Palestinians, frequently held without charges, have gone on unabated while availability of health care and personal sanitation supplies has decreased, and access to legal defense has been severely limited.

Around the world, women, especially mothers, are in prison mostly as a result of poverty, and are often survivors of rape and domestic violence who have been denied justice.

In the detention center for migrants and refugees in the U.S., the denunciations of constant violations of human rights are nothing new. The overcrowding, the lack of hygiene, and the poor food provisions put the most vulnerable at risk. In only one week in March, three children locked in a detention center were diagnosed with coronavirus. Despite that the children were freed, many more that were exposed to the virus risk falling sick without the conditions for adequate treatment. Before this situation, the response of the U.S. government has been the deportation of these person to the countries of their origin, exposing new communities to the pandemic and violating the right of these persons to seek asylum to in order to save their lives. From Colombia to Iraq, from Saudi Arabia to Haiti, the U.S. is responsible for the construction of a prison model that augments the lethality of the coronavirus and puts the health of the world at risk.

The massacre at La Modelo prison on March 21, 2020 was a brutal lesson in the consequences of Prison Imperialism: 23 inmates were killed and 83 more were wounded by agents of the Colombian Armed Forces seeking to repress inmates that were demanding the release of elderly and nonviolent prisoners in order to protect them from the pandemic. The La Modelo protest was not unique. Around the world, from France to the U.S., Palestine to Peru, prisoners are rebelling against all the conditions that are exposing them to the coronavirus: every protest is motivated by the fear of inmates who want to protect their lives. The inmates do not protest for themselves alone, but also for the protection of prison personnel with whom they interact daily. The jails are a time bomb of infection constituting a threat to world health.

For the above reasons, we raise this humanitarian petition with the final goal of saving the lives of those who find themselves most vulnerable before the world pandemic.

 

Initiating Organizations

Alliance for Global Justice / Alianza por la Justicia Global (U.S.A./EE.UU.)

Comité Permanente por los Derechos Humanos (Colombia)

Comité Cerezo (México)

Fundación Lazos de Dignidad (Colombia)

Somos Abya Yala-Somos Una América (Continental)

Movimiento Victoriana Lorenz (Panamá)

Festivales Solidarios (Guatemala)

ARTIIS Paz Artística  (Guatemala)

Camino Común Solidaridad Internacional (EE.UU./U.S.A.)

School of the Americas Watch /Observatorio por el Cierre de la Escuela de las Américas (U.S.A./EE.UU./Continental)

Observatorio por los Derechos Humanos del Pueblo / People’s Human Rights Observatory

Organizaciones integrantes/Member organizations:

Observatorio de Derechos Humanos de los Pueblos; Soldepaz – Pachakuti de España; Red Latinoamericana de Zurich de Suiza; Alianza por la Justicia Global, SOA Watch – Observatorio por el Cierre de las Escuela de la Américas de Estados Unidos; Red de Colectivos La Araña Feminista de Venezuela, Corriente Revolucionaria Bolívar y Zamora de Venezuela, Movimiento Internacional de la Economía de los Trabajadores de Venezuela; Red de Integración Orgánica – Rio – Por la Defensa de la Madre Tierra y los Derechos Humanos de Guatemala; Comisión Multisectorial del Uruguay; Confederación Nacional de Organizaciones Campesinas, Indígenas y Negras (FENOCIN) de Ecuador; Confederación Sindical Única De Trabajadores Campesinos de Bolivia (CSUTCB); Alianza por un mejor Darién – AMEDAR de Panamá; Movimiento Alfa y Omega de Perú; Observatorio de Derechos Humanos de los Pueblos capítulo Estados Unidos y Suiza; Movimiento de Favelas de Rio Janeiro de Brasil, Campaña Popular Palestina contra el Muro de Apartheid (Stop the Wall) Palestina, Unión Palestina Campesina (Palestinian Farmers Union), Coalición de la Defensa de la Tierra Palestina, Tala´at- Movimiento Político Feminista Palestino; Movimiento Nacional del Poder Popular – México (MNPP); Movimiento Nacional del Poder Popular Zacatecas (MNPP – Zacatecas); Movimiento del Magisterio Democrático Nacional, Comité Ejecutivo Nacional Democrático del Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Educación en Lucha (CEND del SNTE en Lucha); Frente de Pueblos en Defensa de la Tierra en San Salvador Atenco (FPDT-Atenco); Consejo de Defensa de los Derechos del Pueblo – Comité de Defensa de la Mujer (CODEP – CODEM); Comité de Defensa de los Derechos del Pueblo (CODEP – MORELOS); Contingentes del Comité Ejecutivo Nacional Democrático del SNTE en Lucha (CEND SNTE en Lucha), Congreso Nacional de Bases, Movimiento del Magisterio Democrático Nacional: Sección III de Baja California Sur;  Sección V de Campeche; Sección X de la Ciudad de México; Sección XIII y XLV de Guanajuato; Sección XIV de Guerrero; Sección XV de Hidalgo; Movimiento Magisterial Jalisciense, Secciones XVI y XLVII de Jalisco; Sección XVIII de Michoacán; Movimiento Magisterial de Bases, Sección XIX de Morelos; Consejo Democrático Magisterial Poblano, Secciones XXIII y LI de Puebla; Movimiento Magisterial de Bases de Querétaro, Sección XXIV de Querétaro; Bases Magisteriales Democráticas de Quintana Roo, Sección XXV de Q. Roo; Bases Magisteriales de Tabasco, Sección XXIX de Tabasco, Trabajadores del Colegio de Bachilleres de Tabasco; Comité Estatal Democrático, Sección XXXII y LVI de Veracruz; Sección XXXVI del Valle de México; Consejo Nacional de Sistematización; Escuelas Integrales de Educación Básica de Michoacán; Colectivo Pedagógico “Francisco Javier Acuña Hernández”; Promotora del Poder Popular de Michoacán; Caja Popular de Ahorro “Emiliano Zapata”; Colectivo de Estudios “Ricardo Flores Magón”; Movimiento de Unidad Social por un Gobierno del Pueblo (MUSOC-GP) Michoacán); Coalición de Jubilados y Pensionados “Elpidio Domínguez Castro”; Talleres Comunitarios del Municipio de Nezahualcóyotl, estado de México; Barzón Federación: Estado de México, Querétaro, Morelos, Veracruz, Guerrero y Distrito Federal; Organización Nacional del Poder Popular (ONPP); Organización Nacional del Poder Popular de Morelos (ONPP-MORELOS); Organización Nacional del Poder Popular del D. F.; Asamblea Permanente de los Pueblos de Morelos, Instituto Mexicano de Desarrollo Comunitario (IMDEC); Centro de Atención en Derechos Humanos a la Mujer y el Menor Indígena (CADHMMI); Centro Regional Indígena en Derechos Humanos “Ñuu-Savi” (CERIDH); Movimiento Urbano Popular (MUP); Colectivo de Mejoramiento Barrial de la Ciudad de México – Centro Cultural Las Jarillas; Los Solidarios de la Voz del Amate de Chiapas; Colectiva Casa Gandhi de Chiapas; Red de Migrantes – Red Sin Fronteras de Puebla; Comunidad Indígena de San Francisco Xochicuautla; Organización Proletaria Emiliano Zapata – Frente de Organizaciones Sociales de Chiapas  (OPEZ – FOSICH); Comité de Defensa de los Derechos del Pueblo de Morelos CODEP – MORELOS, Coalición Obrera Campesina Estudiantil del Istmo -Movimiento de Liberación (COCEI-ML) y Colectivo Reexistencia Creativa.

Consejo Consultivo/Consultation Council:

Argentina Adolfo Pérez Esquivel Premio Nobel de la Paz, Stella Calloni Corresponsal de la Jornada en Buenos Aires; Colombia Dra. Piedad Esneda Córdoba Ruiz Senadora y Defensora de Derechos Humanos y Coordinadora Internacional del Observatorio de Derechos Humanos de los Pueblos. Vocera de colombianas y colombianos por la Paz, Camilo González Posso Presidente de INDEPAZ, Dr. Mario Hernández Álvarez Coordinador Doctorado Interfacultades en Salud Pública Universidad Nacional de Colombia; España Ana Andrés Ablanedo Defensora de Derechos Humanos de Soldepaz Pachakuti, Ricardo Sanchez Andrés miembro de la junta de la (ACP) Asociación Catalana por la Paz – miembro de la Asamblea de Internacional de (Comunistes de Catalunya) y miembro permanente del consejo de Solidaridad de la Ciudad de Manresa, María Victoria Fernández Molina Candidata a Doctora en Derechos Humanos, Estados Unidos James Patrick Jordan Coordinador Nacional de la Alianza por la Justicia Global y Eduardo Garcia, Activista de la Alianza por la Justicia Global e integrantes del Observatorio de Derechos Humanos de los Pueblos capítulo Estados Unidos; Suiza José Manuel González López  y Gerardo Romero Luna de la Red Latinoamericana de Zurich integrantes del Observatorio de Derechos Humanos de los Pueblos capítulo Suiza; Venezuela Héctor Orlando Zambrano Diputado de la Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular de la República Bolivariana  de Venezuela y Miembro de la Coordinación Nacional de la Corriente Revolucionaria Bolivar y Zamora, Nieves Hugo Alberto Integrante de la Comisión Política de la Corriente Revolucionaria Bolivar y Zamora – CRBZ, Indhira Libertad Rodríguez Red de Colectivos La Araña Feminista, José Miguel Gómez García Movimiento Internacional de la Economía de los Trabajadores; Ecuador Abg. Franklin Columba Cuji Dirigente Nacional y Coordinador de Asuntos Políticos del FENOCIN; Bolivia Rodolfo Machaca Yupanqui Strio. General de Confederación Sindical Única De Trabajadores Campesinos de Bolivia (CSUTCB); Palestina Jamal Juma Coordinador STOP The WALL; Guatemala Ana Laura Rojas Padgett Red de Integración Orgánica – RIO – por la Defensa de la Madre Tierra y los Derechos Humanos; Uruguay Anahit Aharonian Kharputlian Ingeniera Agrónoma y Docente Comisión Multisectorial de Uruguay; Panamá Ligia Arreaga Integrante de la Alianza por un mejor Darién – AMEDAR; Brasil Gizele Martins do Movimiento de Favelas do Rio de Janeiro; Perú Carlos Romainville Vásquez Coordinador General del Movimiento Alfa y Omega; Uruguay Anahit Aharonian Kharputlian Ingeniera Agrónoma y Docente Comisión Multisectorial de Uruguay; México Eduardo Correa Senior Profesor de la Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México – UACM, Dr. José Enrique González Ruiz Profesor de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México – UNAM, Dr. José Rafael Grijalva Eternod Doctor en Derechos Humanos, Dr. Felix  Hoyo Arana Profesor de la Universidad Autónoma de Chapingo; Dr. John Mill Ackerman Rose, Daniela González López Coordinadora Internacional del Observatorio de Derechos Humanos de los Pueblos, Soledad Ortiz Vásquez CODEP – CODEM, Patrocinio Martínez López CODEP – CODEM, Claudia Tapia Nolasco CODEP – CODEM, Artemio Ortiz Hurtado CEND – SNTE, Sergio Espinal CEND – SNTE; Prof. Antonio Castro López Secretario General del CEND – SNTE, Prof. Miguel Guerra Castillo Secretario General del CEND – SNTE, Prof. Alejandro Trujillo González, Secretario General del CEND – SNTE, Prof. Eugenio Rodríguez Cornejo CEND – SNTE, Prof. Jerónimo Sánchez Sáenz CEND – SNTE, Roberto Palma Juárez ONPP – Morelos, Leopoldo de Gyves de la Cruz COCEI – ML, Arquitecto José Márquez Pérez Presidente del Patronato Pro Defensa y Conservación del Patrimonio Cultural y Natural de Oaxaca PRO – OAX y Lic. Hugo Aguilar Promotor y Defensor de Derechos Indígenas, Arturo Díaz González OPEZ – FOSICH.

Endorsing Organizations / Endosos Organizacionales

SINALTRAINAL Sindicato Nacional de la Industria Agroalimentaria de Colombia

FENSUAGRO Federación Nacional Sindical Unitaria Agropecuaria de Colombia

Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador

CENPAZ Coordinación Étnica de Paz, Colombia

CONAFRO Coordinación Nacional de Comunidades y Organizaciones Afrodesciendientes

Asociación de Víctimas Renacer Siglo XXI, municipio de Buenos Aires, Cauca, Colombia

Payday Men’s Network, International

Global Women’s Strike, International

Women of Color in the Global Women’s Strike, International

US Peace Council

All-African People’s Revolutionary Party (GC), International

Corporación Solidaridad Jurídica, Colombia

La Araña Femenista, Venezuela

African Awareness Association

Honduras Solidarity Network (US)

Frontera Water Protection Alliance, US

Freedom Archives< US

MLK Coalition of Greater Los Angeles, US

Prisoners Are People Too, US

Freedom Road Socialist Organization, US

ANSWER Coalition, US

Party for Socialism and Liberation / Partido de Socialismo y Liberación, US

All-African People’s Revolutionary Party, International

Centro de Derechos Humanos Zeferino Ladrillero, A. C., Mexico

Colectivo por la Paz en Colombia desde México ColPaz

Socialist Unity Party, US

Struggle La Lucha for Socialism, US

Popular Resistance, US

Witness for Peace Solidarity Collective, US

National Lawyers Guild International, Colombia Subcommittee

Portland Central America SolidarityCommittee, US

Project Accompagnement Solidarité Colombie (PASC), Canada

Red de Hermandad y Solidaridad con Colombia, Canada

Liga Argentina por los Derechos Humanos, Argentina

Colombian Working Group, Canada

Denver Peace Council, US

Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom US

POWIR People’s Opposition to War, Imperialism, and Racism, US

International Action Center, US

Workers World Party, US

Voz de la Tierra, US

MN Anti-War Committee, US

Coalition for Peace in Colombia, US and Canada

Annie and the Fur Trappers, US

Gila Tree Thinners, US

Arizona Peace Council, US

Tucson Anti-War Committee, US

Pan Left Media Collective, US

Loretto Community, US

Our Revolution Southern Oregon, US

NLG International National Lawyers Guild International Committee, US

Baltimore Nonviolence Center, US
Association of Roman Catholic Women Priests, US

ALERTA TEMPRANA RED (AT-R)

Integrantes Organizacionales:

Liga Mexicana por la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos A.C. (LIMEDDH); Liga Mexicana por la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos, A.C. Filial Oaxaca (LIMEDDH-Oax); Asociación de Familiares de Detenidos Desaparecidos y Víctimas de Violaciones a los Derechos Humanos en México (AFADEM FEDEFAM); Red Universitaria de Monitores de Derechos Humanos (RUMODH); Asociación de Derechos Humanos del Estado de México (ADHEM); Fundación Diego Lucero, A.C. (FDL); Foro Permanente de Mujeres Iztacalco, A.C. (FPM-I); Consejo Federal Ejecutivo Nacional e Internacional del Frente Mexicano Pro Derechos Humanos, A.C. (FREMEXDEHU); Asociación Nacional de Abogados Democráticos, A.C. (ANAD); Comité de Familiares de Personas Desaparecidas en México, Alzando Voces

 

Individual Signers / Firmantes Individuales :

Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Premio Nobel de la Paz

Angela Davis, International Human Rights Defender and Professor Emerita University of California Davis

Sen. Piedad Esneda Córdoba Ruiz, former Colombian Senator and founder of the People’s Human Rights Observatory, founder Colombians for Peace

Dr. Arnold Maitlin, MD, Alliance for Global Justice Board, the only non-Nicaraguan to ever receive the Orden XXV Aniversario Revolución Popular Sandinista

Selma James, Founder of Global Women’s Strike

Kevin Zeese, co-director Popular Resistance

Margaret Flowers, MD Popular Resistance

Asier Altuna, Head of the International Department Sortu, Basque Country

José Schulman, Presidente de la Liga Argentina por los Derechos Humanos

Senator Gorka Elejabarrieta, Director of International Relations EH Bildu, Basque Country

Gerald Horne, John J. and Rebecca Moores Chair of History and African American Studies at the University of Houston

Claude Marks, Freedom Archives

Hector Marino Carabali, vocero para CONAFRO Coordinación Nacional de Comunidades y Organizaciones Afrodesciendientes; y la Asociación de Víctimas Renacer Siglo XXI, municipio de Buenos Aires, Cauca, Colombia

Prof. Alfred de Zayas Geneva School of Diplomacy, first UN Independent Expert on the Promotion of a Democratic and Equitable International Order

Profesor David Guadalupe Valenzuela, Coordinación Nacional de Trabajadores de Educación

Lee Robinson, President of African Awareness Association

Stella Calloni,  Correspondent de la Jornada en Buenos Aires

Carlos Fazio, Correspondent de La Jornada en Ciudad de México, autor

Bob Brown, organizer All-African Revolutionary Peoples Pary – GJ

Banbose Shango, National Network on Cuba

Professor Pamela Brubaker, California Lutheran University

Kevin Arende Oriri, Communist Party of Kenya

Karima Amin, Founder/Director Prisoners Are People Too

Joe Lombardo, co-coordinator of the United National Antiwar Coalition (UNAC)

Emile Schepers, International Department Secretary, Communist Party USA

Mark Burton, Human Rights Lawyer and member Denver Peace Council

Dan Kovalik, Human Rights Lawyer and author

Chawki Irving, All-African People’s Revolutionary Party

Gerry Condon, Board of Directors Veterans for Peace

Jack & Felice Cohen-Joppa, the Nuclear Resister

Roger Harris. Task Force on the Americas

Dr. Tony Jenkins, Managing Director International Institute on Peace Education (IIPE)

Janice Sevre-Duszynska, Baltimore Nonviolence Center, Association of Romoan Catholic Women Priests

Aleja Rincon, Comms & Grants Coord. Witness for Peace Solidarity Collective

Charlotte Kates Samidoun, Palestinian Prisoner Solidarity Network

Julian Kunnie, First Nations Enforcement Agency

Mary Evangelista, Art Palestine International

Crystal Zevon, No More Deaths

Oduvina Hernández, Directora Seguridad en Democracia (SEDEM), Guatemala

Patricia Rodriguez, Tompkins County Immigrant Rights Coalition

Crystal Moran, Co-Founder Frontera Water Protection Alliance

Isabel Garcia, Co-Chair Coalición de Derechos Humanos

Natali Segovia, National Lawyers Guild International Department, Colombia Committee

Dr. Hank Keeton, Keeton Corporation

Dr. Gerald Rowe, Todos por Guatemala

Stephen Bensonm, Ph.D. Peninsula Peace and Justice

Roger Underhill, SF District 11 Democratic Club Executive Board Member

Nina Lopez, Legal Action for Women

Pam Africa, International Concerned Family and Friends of Mumia Abu-Jamal

Suzanne Ross, International Concerned Family and Friends of Mumia Abu-Jama

Howard Pflanzer, Adjunct Associate Professor Bronx Community College/CUNY

Bob and Carmen Riggs, Lehigh Valley Society of Friends

Andrew Seles, Our Revolution Southern Oregon

Dr. Ashley Liermanm, Rowan University

Laura Lance, The Anti-War Papers

Sister Joan Gannon, Society of the Sacred Heart

Jeff Petrucelly, National Lawyers Guild

Allyson Yoder, Phoenix Allies for Community Health

Julie Levine, Co-Chair MLK Coalition of Greater Los Angeles

Dr. Catherine M. Stanford, Prison Pen Pal Ministry

Anne Linders, Annie and the Fur Trappers

Jasper Perry-Anderson, Oberlin in Solidarity with El Salvador

Dr. Mara Sapon-Shevin, Syracuse University

Prof. John Bernard, Maine Peoples Alliance

Dr. Elizabeth Jaeger, End Streamline Coalition

Louise Lora Somlyo, Peace Action ME, Peace Works, ME Veterans for Peace

Mike Wolfson, Massachusetts Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism

Glenn Griffin, Gila Tree Thinners

Daniel Cazares, Child Development Specialist

Barbara Larcom, Coordinator Casa Baltimore/Limay

Jack Herbert, Core Team Portland Central America Solidarity Committee (PCASC) and Rethinking Psychiatry

Dr. William I. Robinson, University of California, Santa Barbara

Nancy Kalina, Safe Space Life Coaching

Drake Thomas Myers, Living Challenge Group Homes

Mary Boite, Judicial Process Commission

Constance Tempel, Co-Chair Social Justice Action of St. Boniface

Cindy Domingo, Legacy of Leadership, Equality and Organization

Deborah S. Rogers, Initiative for Equality

Kenneth Hayes, SOA Watch Austin

Savannah Landau, Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador

Patricio Véjar Mercado, Coordinador Comunidad Ecuménica Martin Luther King

Adrianne Aron, School of the Americas Watch

Brandon Barnard, Owner/Operator Brandon Barnard Window Cleaning Service

Seymour Kellerman, Ph.D. Massachusetts Peace Action

Professor Nancy Withington, Pulic Citizen

Migdaleder Mazuera, Iglesia Presbiteriana EE. UU.

José Andrés Tovar E., Sociólogo (Venezuela)

Laurie Jones, WSWA

John Casseday, PhD University of Washington

Lincoln Bergman, UC Berkeley

Sister Deanna Rose von Bargen

Ms. Helen Campbell, NYU School of Law

Paki Wieland, CODEPINK

Venus-Tyane Kuya, Culture Director Culture Mirror

Eleanor Weisman, Professor Allegheny College

Sally Jane Gellert, Occupy Bergen County

Rob McLane, Occupy Bergen County

Richard L Giovanoni, Niles Township (IL) Green Party Committeeperson

Phil Runkel, Marquette University

Richard Creswell, American Friends Service Committe

Carolina Cositore Sitrin, Raging Grannies, J P

Martha Froese-Kooijenga, Farmer

Robin Greenwood, Humanity (UK Political Party)

Marcy J. Gordon, Founder Public Intellectuals for Social and Spare Change

Linda Ray, Delegate from SEIU 1021 San Francisco Labor Council

Christina M. Schiavoni, human rights activist and researcher

Gladys White, Ph.D, St John’s University Pauline Black SEIU Local 503

Natali Segovia, Human Rights Lawyer

Amber Coleman, PhD Student University of Arizona

Rev. James J. Hinde Carmelite Fathers

Eve Shapiro, MD PDA

Rev. John Long

Kerby Miller, NEA

Rael Nidess, MD

Gerson and Debbie Lesser, MD

Veronica De Negri, Human Rights Activist

Lauren Akin

Margo Wyse

Charles Clements

Rebecca Tippens Center for Cultural Evolution

Grayson Morris Oberlin in Solidarity with El Salvador

Gail Breakey, Director hawaii family support institute

Betty Davis New Abolitionist Movement

Frontera Water Protection Alliance

Andrea Jones Reginetta Press

Alicia Jrapko, US Coordinator International Committee for Peace, Justice and Dignity

Carol I Moeller Costa Task Force on the Americas

Alice Loaiza Marcha Patriotica Colombia, California Chapter

Paul Peuleve Baker Coordinator Echoes of Silence

Hollis Higgins, Secretary Spokane Veterans For Peace

Michael Bass School of the Americas Watch

Babette Grunow, Director Latin America Solidarity Committee—Milwaukee

Brianne Murphy, Director of Justice Transformation Yoga Project

Joseph Hayes Veterans for Peace

Philo Wilayto – Editor The Virginia Defender newspaper

Lara Pullin Activist. Internationalist. Australia Venezuela Solidarity Network & Aboriginal Health Worker

Eduardo Quintana, Green Party of Pima County, Arizona

Dr. Kevin O’Keefe UTD 9retired)

David Swanson, Campaign Coordinator RootsAction.org

Beverly Bell, Associate Fellow Institute for Policy Studies

Phil Wilayto, Member, Steering Comm. Virginia Defenders for Freedom, Justice & Equality

Mr. Gary Erb RMPJC

Daniel Sun Thomas Merton Center, Penn Plaza Support and Action

Dorinda Moreno Fuerza Mundial Global

Dr Conrad Lodziak Yellow Vests

No More Deaths

Mr. Jorge De Cecco Peace-Loving Photographers from Ukiah

Shoshana Arai TFS

William Lankford, PhD University

Eric Torres, Filmmaker La Voz de Los de Abajo

Ginny Schneider Maine War Tax Resistance Resource Center

Constance Tempel, Co-Chair Social Justice Action of St. Boniface

Ms. Kathy Lique UU Church of Greater Lynn

Deborah S. Rogers Initiative for Equality (IfE)

Seymour Kellerman, Ph.D. Massachusetts Peace Action

Professor Nancy Withington Pulic Citizen

bernardo alayza mujica

Ms. Helen Campbell NYU School of Law

Jean Fallon Maryknoll Sisters

Suzy Martin, Editor Prison Health News

Colonel (Ret) Ann Wright

Jack & Felice Cohen-Joppa the Nuclear Resister

James Christiansen Five Crows

Tiffany Lanman POA

Dr. Barbara Clawson Alliance For Global Justice

Mwalimu–Organizer All-African People’s Revolutionary Party (GC)

Stephen E. Slaner Northern Essex Community College

Venus-Tyané Kuya, Culture Director Cultured mirror

Gerry Condon Veterans For Peace

Malcom Floyd Floyd Trust

Patrick Guinn, Deputy Chief/Licensee Excalibur Protective Service

John Corcoran, Director Amana Metals, Inc.

Catheine Douaud Saget ISAC

Susan Stout Unifor

Roger Harris Task Force on the Americas

Eleanor Weisman, Professor Allegheny College

Teri Mattson, Latin America Campaign CODEPINK

Sally Jane Gellert Occupy Bergen County

Fabian Esguerra Colombia Action Solidarity Alliance

Richard L Giovanoni Niles Township (IL) Green Party Committeeperson

Phil Runkel Marquette University

Barbar G Harris Granny Peace Brigade

Kerby Miller NEA

Rael Nidess MD

Michael Betz BUF

Hank Keeton, President Keeton Corporation

Terry Burnsed Colorado May Day Club

Richard Creswell AFSC

Gustavo Rodriguez No

Isabel Tadmiri Oberlin Students for Energy Justice

Nicole Gribi Mother

Allan Fisher AFT 2121

Samidoun PPSN Samidoun Palestinian Prisoner Solidarity Network

Janice Wittenberg Spiral Publishing

Janet Tucker,Co Chair CCDS

Lee Robinson – President/CEO Missing Pages Of History Inc.

Margaret Guttshall National Writers Union/UAW; Green Party

Carolina Cositore Sitrin Raging Grannies, J P

Claudia Chaufan York University

Elizabeth Roberts Proyecto Faro

Martha Froese-Kooijenga Farmer

Robin Greenwood Humanity (UK Political Party)

Natasha s. Mayers UMVA

Marcy J. Gordon, Founder Public Intellectuals for Social and Spare Change

Linda Ray,   Delegate from SEIU 1021 San Francisco Labor Council

Gerson and Debbie Lesser, MD

Emeritus Professor Michael Ballin Wilfrid Laurier University Waterloo Ontario

Mr Bernardo Alayza Mujica coasap

Gar Smith, Co-founder and Director Environmentalists Against War

Christina M. Schiavoni human rights activist and researcher

Kenneth Hayes SOA Watch Austin

Bryn Dayton University of Utah Students For a Democratic Society

Sue Malone retired nurse and organist  Pax Christi member

Savannah Landau Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador

Stansfield Smith Chicago ALBA Solidarity

Glen Anderson, Founder Parallax Perspectives

George Ygarza, PhD Candidate UCSB Global Studies

Patricio Véjar Mercado, Coordinador Comunidad Ecuménica Martin Luther King

The Rev Margot  D Critchfield Retired Episcopal Priest

Brandon Barnard Owner/Operator Brandon Barnard Window Cleaning Service

Charlie D.-Megeso Nulhegan-Coosuk Nation

Iris Biblowitz, RN San Francisco Tenants Union

tarak  Kauff NYC Veterans For Peace

Kathryn Albrecht, Journalist the Middle Rio Grande valley

Jane Collins Emerson UU Church

Ryan Scribner The GroundUp

Gabrielle Nicole, President Global News Network EMN

Alex Mohtashem CSULB

Chawki Irving All-African People’s Revolutionary Party

Judy Ancel, President The Cross Border Network for Solidarity and Justice

Arla S. Ertz Member, SEIU 1021

Rabbi Michael Feinberg Greater New York Labor-Religion Coalition

Bob and Carmen Riggs Lehigh Valley Monthly Meeting (Quakers)

Catherine Murphy, Director The Literacy Project

Marlene G Fried Civil Liberties and Public Policy Program

Ma. Joan Lichterman UPTE-CWA 9119

Patricia McCormick For-identification only

Graciela Zamudio Campos Alma Migrante, A. C.

Laurie Melrood Guatemala Acupuncture and Medical Aid Project

Cindy Sheehan: Producer Cindy Sheehan’s Soapbox

Suzanne Llewellyn Multifaith Immigration Coalition for Action

Gladys White Ph.D St John’s University

Pauline Black SEIU Local 503

Amber Coleman, PhD Student University of Arizona

Rafael Pizarro Bristol County for Correctional Justice

Kathryn Albrecht The Great Socorro Women’s March

Eve Shapiro MD PDA

Kim Scipes, Professor of Sociology Purdue University Northwest

Lee Robinson African Awareness Association Inc.

Thomas Hansen, PhD Autonomous University of Social Movements

Ilana Goldszer Bad News

Mr. K Klevering OPIRG

Chrissy Stonebraker-Martinez InterReligious Task Force On Central America and Colombia

Anne Lamb, Co-Chair New York City Jericho Movement

Andrew Martin AMWU

ellen allen good neighbor society

Jessica Fuquay Carnegie Mellon University

Tom Violett, Chair Green Party of Monmouth County NJ

Louise Lora Somlyo Peace Action ME, Peace Works, ME Veterans for Peace

Robin Durston Sacramento Peace Action

Cheri Honkala National Organizer Poor Peoples Economic Human Rights Camapign

Ms. Sharon Hostler Martinez Concerned United States Citizen

mark mendoza DSA Cincinnati

Mike Wolfson Massachusetts Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism

Cynthia Roberts Cubamistad, WILPF

Professor Pamela Brubaker California Lutheran University

Daniel Cazares, Child Development Sp

Kevin Arende Oriri Communist Party of Kenya

Gordana Rešicki Degoricija Technical school Kutina

Adrian Ordonez Democratic Socialists of America El Chuco del Norte

Kelly Patricia Staniunas, Coord. Mexico Solidarity Network / Autonomous University of Social Movements

Karima Amin, Founder/Director Prisoners Are People Too

Professeur Camille Chalmers PAPDA

Christopher Helali, Chair Red Banner Anti-Imperialist Collective

Lincoln Bergman UC Berkeley

John Marchese, Executive Director Quixote Center

Rachael Townsend Pcasc

Lydia Curtis Executive Director Sadiki Educational Safari Inc

Donld Goldhamer, Board Member Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights

Dr. Gerald Rowe Todos por Guatemala

ANTHONY WILLIAMS All-African People’s Revolutionary Party (GC)

Dr. Marilyn E. Stachenfeld Saddleback College, Mission Viejo, CA 92692

isabella fassi colibri center

Stephen Bensonm, Ph.D. Peninsula Peace and Justice

Prof. Alfred de Zayas Geneva School of Diplomacy

Scott Marshall United Steelworkers

Roger Underhill SF District 11 Democratic Club Executive Board Member

Prof. Mary Baine Campbell Brandeis University

Roberta Schonemann, Ph.D. Central Indiana JObs with Justice

Deirdre Wilson Calfornia Coalition for Women Prisoners

Sara Flounders, Contributing Editor Workers World Party

Dr. William I. Robinson University of California, Santa Barbara

Glafira Lopez Matthew 25

Nancy Kalina Safe Space Life Coaching

Ron Jacobs Counterpunch

Drake Thomas Myers Living Challenge Group Homes

Mary Boite Judicial Process Commission

bill himelhoch M.Div. retired

Ms. Janet Duckworth Toronto Venezuela Solidarit Committee; Workers’ Action Centre

Mr. Rolf Vaardal ISHHR

John Casseday, PhD University of Washington

Charlotte Kates Samidoun Palestinian Prisoner Solidarity NetworkCindy Domingo Legacy of Leadership, Equality and Organization

Susan Scott National Lawyers Guild International Committee

Huwaida Arraf, Civil Rights Attorney National Lawyers Guild Palestine Subcommittee

Julian Kunnie First Nations Enforcement Agency

Mrs. Monica Greene The Climate Mobilization – Montgomery County

Erlend Kimmich Three Parks Independent Democrats; Harlem and Upper West Side for Bernie

Rev. John Long

Adrianne Aron soaw

Lawrence Hager

Sherry Eisler

Jonathan Mitchell

Brian Cady

Nicolas J S Davies

Teresa Gates

John Nettleton

Jayette Lansbury

Saul and Julia Gresser

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Steve Livingston

monica nelson

Stanley Kaster

Marie Kennedy

Luci Murphy

Forrest Hopping

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Mark Smith

Cesar Andres Briones Mendieta

Sasha Borron

Diana Bohn

Susan Detato

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Michael None

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Ariane Redding

Popular Resistance

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M Carlisle

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Ellen E Barfield

Saundra Shirley

Ms Bistra Staykova

Michael Kast

Georgina Cordoba

Karen Lee Wald Teacher

R catania

Mr. Gerhard Bedding

Richard Grassl

Ms. Dawn Kramer

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Mary C. Bunting

christopher kriesa

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Fran Aguirre

Jo Ann McGreevy

Peter and Gail Mott

Simon Ashworth WOOD

Dr.F Taylor

Carol Gay

Amber Martinez

Dorothea Leicher

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june noble

Mr. Bruce Jones

Grae Hughes

Pete Pappas

Jeanne Lemkau

Mr. None

Bruce O’BrienEric Mills

Katjy Clark

Victoria Furio

Jean Douthwright

Mr Bob Haney

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Matthew Bridges

Travis Frampton

Lily Benavides

Martin Krafft Snowflakes

Helgaleena Healingline

Tim Wood

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Julian Cranberg

Juan Gallardo

Jan Clausen

Mr Kristopher Kriner

Richard Gardner

Nancy Withington

Julie Grubbs

nancy eberg

Leora Sapon-Shevin

Brian Reardon

Sara Vazquez

Sheila Brady

Rachel Greenwood

Roxanne Warren

Ms. Rena Lewis

Ethel Gullette

Thomas Luce

Ojo Arewa Jr

Chico Callman

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kathleen russell

Charles Keller Independent socialist and human rights activist

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Steve Wise

Kate Farrington homeowner

Caron Passmore

Patrick McCann

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Carol Savary

Elena Espinosa

Anna Leather concerned

Ronald waddell

Richard Kane

REY RAMIREZ, PhD

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Mrs.  Olga Strickland

Enzo Bard

Leticia Gonzalez

arnold johnson

Kate Hayward

MJ Baumann

Sylvia Skrepichuk

Mary Zelaya

Jean Mont-Eton

Nydia Cabrera, PhD .

Janice Sevre-Duszynska

Elaine Betoncourt

Paula Orloff Ms.

Robert Bossie

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Banbose Shango

Dr. Arietta Wiedmann ()

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Pierre LeBlanc Praxis

Dale Sorensen

Margaret McChesney

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Michelle Black

Wynd Kaufmyn

Judy Fudge Peter Draper

Nora Roman

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Judith Reed

Jose Soler

Jon Olsen

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NED LONG

Jim Grant

Marie Schopac

Clifford Anderson

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Georgia Tattu

Elaine Kinch

Ms Mary Kemnitz,RN

Mishwa Lee

peter giono

Mrs.Jean Sommer

Mr. Mark Bradley Cappetta

Joanna Beltran

Helga Fellay

Lori Berenson

Cheryl Frank

Ms. Joan Sitnick

Brent Rocks

carol Lang

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Evelyn Exum

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Edith Rees CISPES

Gordon Philip Baldwin

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Denise Lytle

Ray Wager

Linda Ferland

David Williams

Emmanuel Roux

Nancy Aykanian

carol marie caffrey

Steve Ditore

Ms. Charlotte Alexandre

William Barry Reeves

Mr. Robert Gardiner

Alex Cox individual

Ms. Jude Green

Clara Irazabal

Andy Andre

Lucia Nagler

Amelia Arsenault

Diane Hirsch garcia Nysna

Katharine Whitefield Afgj

Rosie Hinnebusch

Susan Willis

Mrs. joan mcmillen

Maeryn Obley